Андрей Смирнов
Время чтения: ~18 мин.
Просмотров: 0

Central european time

Moscow Standard Time

Offset: MSK is 3 hours ahead Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and is used in Europe

Countries: It is used in following countries: Russia, Ukraine

Principal Cities: The largest city in the MSK timezone is Moscow from Russia with population about 10.381 million people. Other major cities in the area are Saint Petersburg, Nizhniy Novgorod, Kazan, Rostov na Donu

Daylight Saving: Moscow Standard Time (MSK) is not adjusted for daylight saving therefore MSK remains the same through out the year. This means, unlike some time zones where the clock is set forward by one hour every summer and backward by one hour during winter to adjust for daylight saving, Moscow Standard Time remains the same


MSK timezone map

MSK representations, usage and related time zones

W3C/ISO-8601: International standard covering representation and exchange of dates and time-related data

  • +03 — basic short
  • +0300 — basic
  • +03:00 — extended

+0300 — sign character (+) followed by a four digit time providing hours (03) and minutes (00) of the offset. Indicates three hour and zero minutes time differences to the east of the zero meridian.

Military/NATO: Used by the U.S. military, Chinese military and others

  • Charlie — Military abbreviation for MSK
  • C — short form of ‘Charlie’

IANA/Olson: Reflects MSK time zone boundaries defined by political bodies, primarily intended for use with computer programs and operating systems

  • Europe/Moscow
  • Europe/Simferopol
  • W-SU

Time zones with the GMT +3 offset:

  • EEST — Eastern European Summer Time
  • MSK — Moscow Standard Time
  • AST — Arabia Standard Time
  • C — Charlie Time Zone
  • EAT — Eastern Africa Time
  • FET — Further Eastern European Time
  • IDT — Israel Daylight Time
  • TRT — Turkey Time
  • GMT — GMT+03:00
  • +03 —
  • CEMT —

What Are Time Zones?

Plainly speaking, time zones are geographical regions where generally everyone uses the same standard time. Time zones were originally created as a means of creating a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes.

Areas that are close in terms of commercial dependence or constant communication are usually located in the same time zone. For the most part, these zones are offset from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) by whole numbers of hours either positive or negative in regards to the starting point. The concept of a time offset refers to the amount of time added to, or subtracted from UTC which results in that location’s “civil time.”

Depending on the zone, people will observe this standard time all year long, or they will observe Daylight Saving Time, also known as Summer Time in other parts of the world.      

Some locations do have offsets of 30 or 45 minutes such as Nepal and Newfoundland, but for the most part they are all whole hours away from UTC. Before transportation became readily available, the time of day was derived from the apparent solar time. Sundials and the like were used to tell what time of day it was.

The New Pacific Standard Time LA/LA Movement

There is a famous initiative of the Getty in conjunction with art institutions across Southern California called Pacific Standard Time. This movement is a collaboration of various locations around the southern region of California where each location’s institution presents exhibitions and programs that are aimed to celebrate the culture and history of the area.

From large to small museums, each chapter of this movement is focused on a major aspect of California’s role in the history of both art and architecture. The next presentation of this movement will begin in September 2017 and continue until January 2018. This version of the ongoing event will showcase new contemporary artistic movements and practices, including artists from South and Central America, the United States, Mexico, and the Caribbean.

The subjects will cover everything from objects in the ancient world, to modern art from Afro-Brazilian cultures. The focus is going to be on visual arts, but music, dance, literature, and a film will also be included along with unique cuisine. Preparation for these upcoming events has already begun in the form of grants to art institutions throughout Southern California.

The current demographic of Los Angeles, along with the rich history it has in Latin American culture make it a perfect place to host this new iteration of the event. The Pacific Standard Time: Art in LA event showcasing art from 1945-1980 was a massive success and generated over 280.5 million dollars in revenue to the region, so this upcoming event is going be a huge success.

Moscow Standard Time

Offset: MSK is 3 hours ahead Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and is used in Europe

Countries: It is used in following countries: Russia, Ukraine

Principal Cities: The largest city in the MSK timezone is Moscow from Russia with population about 10.381 million people. Other major cities in the area are Saint Petersburg, Nizhniy Novgorod, Kazan, Rostov na Donu

Daylight Saving: Moscow Standard Time (MSK) is not adjusted for daylight saving therefore MSK remains the same through out the year. This means, unlike some time zones where the clock is set forward by one hour every summer and backward by one hour during winter to adjust for daylight saving, Moscow Standard Time remains the same


MSK timezone map

MSK representations, usage and related time zones

W3C/ISO-8601: International standard covering representation and exchange of dates and time-related data

  • +03 — basic short
  • +0300 — basic
  • +03:00 — extended

+0300 — sign character (+) followed by a four digit time providing hours (03) and minutes (00) of the offset. Indicates three hour and zero minutes time differences to the east of the zero meridian.

Military/NATO: Used by the U.S. military, Chinese military and others

  • Charlie — Military abbreviation for MSK
  • C — short form of ‘Charlie’

IANA/Olson: Reflects MSK time zone boundaries defined by political bodies, primarily intended for use with computer programs and operating systems

  • Europe/Moscow
  • Europe/Simferopol
  • W-SU

Time zones with the GMT +3 offset:

  • EEST — Eastern European Summer Time
  • MSK — Moscow Standard Time
  • AST — Arabia Standard Time
  • C — Charlie Time Zone
  • EAT — Eastern Africa Time
  • FET — Further Eastern European Time
  • IDT — Israel Daylight Time
  • TRT — Turkey Time
  • GMT — GMT+03:00
  • +03 —
  • CEMT —

The Beginnings of Local Standard Time

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) was created in 1675 at the time of the Royal Observatory’s construction, to help mariners find their longitude when they were out at sea. Geological longitude made telling time much more difficult when rail transport became prevalent. Every degree of longitude brought with it four minutes of variation.

As a result of these variations of time based on geological location, it became apparent that we needed a universal way to offset the time in each location to account for these changes in the time of day. The issue was far more prevalent when rail transport and telecommunications became more widespread.

On December 1st, 1847 standard time was officially adopted by British railways in the form of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) which they kept accurate using portable chronometers. It soon became known as Railway Time. Over 98% of Britain’s clocks were kept using GMT by 1855, but it didn’t become legally implemented until 1880.

In 1868 New Zealand (at that time a British colony) employed a standardized time to be used throughout the colony. This standard was based on a longitude east of Greenwich that was 11 hours and 30 minutes ahead of that meridian. It was known as New Zealand Mean Time.

Meanwhile the American railroads were still trying to find a means of normalizing their methods of telling time. In the 19th century, each railway had its own method of telling time which was incredibly confusing. Certain junctions that housed multiple railroads would have separate clocks for each railway.

Charles F. Dowd came forth with a system of one-hour time zones for the American railways, but he hadn’t published anything on the subject, nor did he bring it to the railroad official’s attention until 1869. The following year he proposed four zones with north and south borders. This concept didn’t take hold though, instead the railroads used a version proposed by William F. Allen who was the editor of the Traveler’s Official Railway Guide.

Allen’s time zones had borders that ran through stations and major cities. It was officially put into use in 1883. There were five zones in total: Intercolonial, Eastern, Central, Mountain, and Pacific. Confusion still ran rampant for a time until 1918 when Congress passed the Standard Time Act. 

This act implemented both standard time and Daylight Saving Time in the United States. It also gave authority to the Interstate Commerce Commission to define the borders of each time zone.

Все определения PST

АкронимОпределение
PSTPIID и Скампи (метод оценки стандарта CMMI для усовершенствования процесса)
PSTPhotoshop теннис
PSTPlanescape мучений
PSTPolitiets Sikkerhets Tjeneste
PSTPurdue школа технологий
PSTPôle Scientifique et Technologique
PSTTelecommunicator общественной безопасности
PSTБак для хранения нефти
PSTГосударственной службы доверия
PSTГруппа поддержки продукта
PSTГруппа технологических систем
PSTЗащитные системные технологии
PSTИдеальный квадрат трехчлена
PSTИнструмент поддержки паспорт
PSTИнструмент поддержки продукта
PSTИспытания прототипа системы
PSTКалия чувствительности тест
PSTКоманда Тихоокеанского забастовка
PSTКоманда государственного сектора
PSTКоманда физическая симуляция
PSTКоманды подсистемы персонала
PSTЛипкая лента
PSTЛичная папка хранения
PSTЛичное хранилище информации
PSTЛичные солнечный телескоп
PSTМетод решения проблемы
PSTМощность школа технологий
PSTНачальное состояние
PSTНефтяные технологии программного обеспечения
PSTОсновной танк урегулирования
PSTПакистан стандартное время
PSTПаре выбрать тройной
PSTПартия Социалистическая ассоциация Тимора
PSTПастор Поиск команды
PSTПенсии и сбережения доверие
PSTПервичный Поиск тональный
PSTПервичный, вторичный и третичный
PSTПечать моделирования тестер
PSTПлан Santé Travail
PSTПланетарные спектроскопии телескоп
PSTПожалуйста скажите Отправить
PSTПолимерные стабилизации
PSTПолиция Поиск команды
PSTПоложительный тест дым
PSTПортленд воскресенье Телеграмма
PSTПортугальский летнее время
PSTПредварительно структурированной технологии
PSTПредварительные тестирования службы
PSTПредписанные море времени
PSTПредпрофессиональную подготовку
PSTПреподавателей до
PSTПривести танталата скандия
PSTПригородный транспорт Филадельфии
PSTПринстон летний театр
PSTПро запас грузовик
PSTПроблема решения теста
PSTПровинциальный налог с продаж
PSTПродукт сегмента группы
PSTПроект поддержки команды, Inc.
PSTПроизводство Кинопробы
PSTПроизводство наблюдения тест
PSTПромоутер проксимальный последовательности тег
PSTПрофессиональные исследования и профессиональная подготовка
PSTПроходит время
PSTПсихосексуальные терапия
PSTСдвиг фазы трансформатора
PSTСливы улица храма
PSTСостояние обработки
PSTСпециалист государственной службы
PSTСтандартное тихоокеанское время
PSTТаблица выбора приоритета
PSTТеория первичного бульона
PSTТерапия импульсного сигнала
PSTТехник службы полиции
PSTТехника личного выживания
PSTТехнология Пьюджет-Саунд
PSTТехнология коммутации пакетов
PSTТехнология пост ларек
PSTТочечный источник передачи
PSTТрубка сепаратора плазмы
PSTУслуги по обработке и технологии
PSTУченик услуги команда
PSTФеникс Спорт билет
PSTФизическая скрининг-тест
PSTФилиппинское стандартное время
PSTЧастичная перерезка седалищного нерва
PSTШаблон предложения таблица
PSTЭкспериментальный символ передачи
PSTЯзыческие стандартное время

Что означает PST в тексте

В общем, PST является аббревиатурой или аббревиатурой, которая определяется простым языком. Эта страница иллюстрирует, как PST используется в обмена сообщениями и чат-форумах, в дополнение к социальным сетям, таким как VK, Instagram, Whatsapp и Snapchat. Из приведенной выше таблицы, вы можете просмотреть все значения PST: некоторые из них образовательные термины, другие медицинские термины, и даже компьютерные термины. Если вы знаете другое определение PST, пожалуйста, свяжитесь с нами. Мы включим его во время следующего обновления нашей базы данных. Пожалуйста, имейте в информации, что некоторые из наших сокращений и их определения создаются нашими посетителями. Поэтому ваше предложение о новых аббревиатур приветствуется! В качестве возврата мы перевели аббревиатуру PST на испанский, французский, китайский, португальский, русский и т.д. Далее можно прокрутить вниз и щелкнуть в меню языка, чтобы найти значения PST на других 42 языках.

Pacific Time

Pacific Time (PT) is a general term used to describe the areas that observe either the Pacific Standard Time (PST) or Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) in the United States and Canada. PT also called Pacific Coast Time. PT is not static but switches between PDT and PST.

Territories observing the Pacific Time Zone are primarily in North America. It runs through the western part of Canada, the United States and the Northwestern part of Mexico.

Countries: It is used in following countries: Canada, Mexico, United States.

Principal Cities: The largest city in the PST timezone is Los Angeles from USA with population about 3.793 million people. Other major cities in the area are Vancouver, Tijuana, San Diego, San Jose.

French: HNP — Heure Normale du Pacifique

Spanish: PT — Tiempo del Pacífico, PT — Zona Noroeste

PT representations, usage and related time zones

W3C/ISO-8601: International standard covering representation and exchange of dates and time-related data

  • -08 — basic short
  • -0800 — basic
  • -08:00 — extended

-0800 — sign character (-) followed by a four digit time providing hours (08) and minutes (00) of the offset. Indicates eight hour and zero minutes time differences to the west of the zero meridian.

Military/NATO: Used by the U.S. military, Chinese military and others

  • Uniform — Military abbreviation for PT
  • U — short form of ‘Uniform’

Time zones with the GMT -8 offset:

Countries and U.S. States Within The PST Time Zone

Let us begin with United States locations that observe PST in the winter and PDT in the summer:

  • California
  • Idaho — specifically the following counties: Benewah, Boner, Boundary, Clearwater, Kootenai, Latah, Lewis, Nez Perce, Shoshone, Northern Idaho.
  • Nevada
  • Oregon — Except the majority of Malheur County
  • Washington

The following are Canadian provinces and territories that use PST in winter and PDT in the summer:

  • British Columbia — excluding these eastern communities: Cranbrook, Golden, Invermere, which are in the MST/MDT zone.
  • Yukon

There is one Mexican state that falls into this zone and that’s Baja California Norte. This state observes both PST and PDT like the other locations on this list. Below are time zones in the same offset with different names:

  1. Alaska Daylight Time — AKDT

This zone is used in the state of Alaska during the summer time as a form of Daylight Saving Time. During this time the offset is 8 hours behind Universal Coordinated Time and therefore falls into the same offset as PST. The Aleutian Islands west of 169.30 West longitude are the one exception. They use HAST/HADT time zones. 

  1. PST — Pitcairn Standard Time

This time zone is also 8 hours behind UTC but is used exclusively by certain pacific islands which are listed below:

  • Pitcairn
  • Henderson
  • Ducie
  • Oeno
  1. U — Uniform Time Zone (Military)

This military time zone is used for aviation and refers to a stretch of sea between 127.5 degrees West and 112.5 degrees West. In this designation the offset is eight hour behind UTC. It is commonly referred to in military time with the letter “U” representing the time zone.

Moscow Standard Time

Offset: MSK is 3 hours ahead Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and is used in Europe

Countries: It is used in following countries: Russia, Ukraine

Principal Cities: The largest city in the MSK timezone is Moscow from Russia with population about 10.381 million people. Other major cities in the area are Saint Petersburg, Nizhniy Novgorod, Kazan, Rostov na Donu

Daylight Saving: Moscow Standard Time (MSK) is not adjusted for daylight saving therefore MSK remains the same through out the year. This means, unlike some time zones where the clock is set forward by one hour every summer and backward by one hour during winter to adjust for daylight saving, Moscow Standard Time remains the same


MSK timezone map

MSK representations, usage and related time zones

W3C/ISO-8601: International standard covering representation and exchange of dates and time-related data

  • +03 — basic short
  • +0300 — basic
  • +03:00 — extended

+0300 — sign character (+) followed by a four digit time providing hours (03) and minutes (00) of the offset. Indicates three hour and zero minutes time differences to the east of the zero meridian.

Military/NATO: Used by the U.S. military, Chinese military and others

  • Charlie — Military abbreviation for MSK
  • C — short form of ‘Charlie’

IANA/Olson: Reflects MSK time zone boundaries defined by political bodies, primarily intended for use with computer programs and operating systems

  • Europe/Moscow
  • Europe/Simferopol
  • W-SU

Time zones with the GMT +3 offset:

  • EEST — Eastern European Summer Time
  • MSK — Moscow Standard Time
  • AST — Arabia Standard Time
  • C — Charlie Time Zone
  • EAT — Eastern Africa Time
  • FET — Further Eastern European Time
  • IDT — Israel Daylight Time
  • TRT — Turkey Time
  • GMT — GMT+03:00
  • +03 —
  • CEMT —

Creating Worldwide Time Zones

Technically speaking, the first person to propose a concept like worldwide time zones was an Italian mathematician by the name of Quirico Filopanti in his book Miranda! which was published in 1858. The concept didn’t escape the pages, nor was he credited for it until long after he died. Despite this, he did propose 24 hourly time zones which he titled “longitudinal days.”

In 1870 a Scottish man named Sir Sanford Fleming proposed his own system of worldwide time zones. He attended several conferences to promote the concept and is widely known as the inventor of the concept. It took until 1900 before most of the Earth was on some form of standard time. It wasn’t organized though, many countries made their references in regards to local astronomical observations.

It took until 1929 before many countries had a time zone that was a standard offset from GMT/UTC. Nepal was the last country to take on an offset and there’s was UTC+5:45 which wasn’t even a whole number hour. It was implemented in 1986.

Pacific Standard Time

Offset: PST is 8 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and is used in North America

Countries: It is used in following countries: Canada, Mexico, United States

Principal Cities: The largest city in the PST timezone is Los Angeles from USA with population about 3.793 million people. Other major cities in the area are Vancouver, Tijuana, San Diego, San Jose

Daylight Saving: This is a standard timezone, however during summer some places adjust time for one hour forward for daylight saving and observe Pacific Daylight Time (PDT).

End: PST ended and clocks were set one hour forward on Sunday, 08 March 2020, at 2:00 (2:00 am) local time.

Start: PST starts and clocks are set one hour back on Sunday, 01 November 2020, at 2:00 (2:00 am) local time.

French: HNP — Heure Normale du Pacifique

Spanish: PT — Tiempo del Pacífico, PT — Zona Noroeste


PST timezone map

PST representations, usage and related time zones

W3C/ISO-8601: International standard covering representation and exchange of dates and time-related data

  • -08 — basic short
  • -0800 — basic
  • -08:00 — extended

-0800 — sign character (-) followed by a four digit time providing hours (08) and minutes (00) of the offset. Indicates eight hour and zero minutes time differences to the west of the zero meridian.

Military/NATO: Used by the U.S. military, Chinese military and others

  • Uniform — Military abbreviation for PST
  • U — short form of ‘Uniform’

IANA/Olson: Reflects PST time zone boundaries defined by political bodies, primarily intended for use with computer programs and operating systems

  • America/Ensenada
  • America/Los_Angeles
  • America/Santa_Isabel
  • America/Tijuana
  • America/Vancouver
  • Canada/Pacific
  • Mexico/BajaNorte
  • PST8PDT
  • US/Pacific
  • US/Pacific-New

PST Abbreviation: Several time zones share PST abbreviation and it could refer to these time zones

  • Pacific Standard Time — UTC -8
  • Pitcairn Standard Time — UTC -8

Time zones with the GMT -8 offset:

Eastern Time

Eastern Time (ET) is a general term used to describe the areas that observe either the Eastern Standard Time (EST) or Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) in the United States and Canada. ET is not static but switches between EDT and EST.

ET is also used somewhat as a de facto official time for all of the United States because it encompasses 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States including the capital city Washington D.C., the most populous city New York and half of the country’s population.

In the United States nationally televised programs, evening newscasts, talent and awards shows, and any other nationally televised event that airs live on American television during prime time and on the weekends are broadcast live in the Eastern Time Zone. Major professional sports leagues MLB, NBA, NFL and NHL also provide their game times in Eastern Time, even if teams are from outside of Eastern Time.

Countries: It is used in following countries: Bahamas, Canada, Haiti, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, Mexico, Panama, Turks & Caicos Is, United States.

Principal Cities: The largest city in the EST timezone is New York City from USA with population about 8.175 million people. Other major cities in the area are Toronto, Montreal, Brooklyn, Borough of Queens.

French: HNE — Heure Normale de l’Est

Spanish: ET — Tiempo del Este, ET — Zona Sureste

ET representations, usage and related time zones

W3C/ISO-8601: International standard covering representation and exchange of dates and time-related data

  • -05 — basic short
  • -0500 — basic
  • -05:00 — extended

-0500 — sign character (-) followed by a four digit time providing hours (05) and minutes (00) of the offset. Indicates five hour and zero minutes time differences to the west of the zero meridian.

Military/NATO: Used by the U.S. military, Chinese military and others

  • Romeo — Military abbreviation for ET
  • R — short form of ‘Romeo’

ET Abbreviation: Several time zones share ET abbreviation and it could refer to these time zones

  • Eastern Time — UTC -5
  • Tiempo del Este — UTC -5

Time zones with the GMT -5 offset:

Рейтинг автора
5
Материал подготовил
Максим Иванов
Наш эксперт
Написано статей
129
Ссылка на основную публикацию
Похожие публикации